Poverty: Molly Orshansky
- In 1964, Mollie Orshansky developed the poverty thresholds that are still the basis of the official measure of poverty. At that time, families spent ⅓ of their income on food. Her food basket estimated the lowest cost to provide nutrition for families of different sizes and composition. Multiplying that cost by 3 yielded the poverty level, which has since been adjusted only for inflation, not expenses such as child care and increased housing costs.