Artist: Aleksei Radakov.
On December 26, 1919, under the most difficult conditions of the Civil War, intervention, devastation and famine, the Council of People's Commissars issued a 9-point decree signed by Lenin on the elimination of illiteracy in the RSFSR. The decree ruled that "the entire population of the Republic aged 8-50 years, who can not read and write, must learn to read and write in native or Russian language at will." The state received the right "to attract to the education of illiterates by way of labor service all the literate population of the country, not called up for troops, with payment of their labor according to the norms of educators". The working day was reduced by 2 hours for those who learned to read and write with the same wages for the whole period of study.